Style List
The World Karate Confederation (WKC) was founded by a small group of karate enthusiasts on 4th May 1996 in Frankfurt/M, Germany.

Why is the WKC necessary and is there room for another World Karate Body?

The existing International Karate Organizations are either pure style federations or multi-style groups which accept only one federation per country. Therefore many federations and associations are left outside of the International Karate world.

WKC offers an important option for such groups in which all the different styles and federations can join a World body and fraternity, without having to compromise their style or size. In order that there are opportunities for all, the WKC accepts more than one federation or association per country.

"The purpose of WKC is to regulate, spread and foster Karate in the world from an educational, cultural and sports point of view by promoting Karate ethics, technical seminars, championships and all that is necessary to encourage the spreading of Karate-Do all over the world and to promote friendly and beneficial relations between its members." (WKC Statutes, Article 1.4)

Any non-profit and non-political Karate federations, associations and other such groups may be members of the WKC. However, they must have legal status, a democratic structure and comply with the aims and purpose of the WKC.

The WKC does not judge, or interfere with the internal structures or politics of its members. The WKC accepts all federations who comply with WKC Rules and treats all members with equal respect.

WKC has member federations in all five continents.

E-mail the Headquarters: HERE

WKC Officers

Dr Fritz Wendland


Carlo Henke


Nestor Parreńo



Presidential Board

Prof. Osvaldo Messias de Oliveira

Regional President for South America

* * * * *

Joe Mirza

Regional President for North America

* * * * *

Mrs Tomie Ochi - Japan
5th dan

Regional President for East Asia

* * * * *

Ilia Gouliev - Russia
6th dan

Regional President for
Eastern Europe & Central Asia

* * * * *

Keith Geyer - Australia
7th dan

Regional President for Oceania

* * * * *

Dr Demetrio Donati

Director for Shobu Sanbon

* * * * *

Bernd Hinschberger - Germany

Director for Shobu Ippon

* * * * *

Ronnie Watt
7th dan

Director for Shotokan

* * * * *

Ladislav Klementis

Director for Goju-Ryu


Founder Members

Dr Demetrio Donati

Ilia Gouliev

Carlo Henke

Bernd Hinschberger

Boris Horacek

Ladislav Klementis

Mrs Tomie Ochi

Stan Schmidt

Dr Fritz Wendland

* * * * *


Technical Advisors

Hideo Ochi - Japan/Germany

8th Dan Shotokan

* * * * *

Takeji Ogawa - Japan/Austria

8th Dan Goju-ryu

* * * * *

Yasunari Ishimi - Japan/Spain

8th Dan Shito-ryu

* * * * *


Tournament Organising Committee

* * * * *

Dr Juraj Staffa - Slovakia

* * * * *

Roland Dietrich - Germany

* * * * *

Peter Spanton - England

Official Recorder and Draw

8th Dan - Wado-ryu



Public Relations

Dr Liviu Crisan - Romania


Special Advisors

Prof. Dr. Nagatomo Yamaoka
Nihon University

Shinichi Uchinuma
Chairman Urban Environment Institute

WKC Membership

Contact Addresses
WKC Secretariat Office

Mr C.Henke


6614 Brissago


Tel: ##-39-0323-71470

Fax: ##-39-0323-72444

E-mail: HERE

Member Federations

AAU Amateur Athletic Union USA
ADSAK Associaçăo Distrital de Santarém Amicale Karate Portugal
AESC Association of Eastern Single Combat (Martial Arts) "Karate-Do" Tajikistan
AIBKF All India Budokan Karate Federation India
AISKA All Iran Seishinkai Karate-do Association Iran
AKC Austria Karate Confederation Austria
AKAC Asociación de Karatedo Atacama de Chile Chile
ASK-SA All Styles Karate - S.Africa South Africa
BMAF Belarus Martial Arts Federation Belarus
CBKI Confederaçăo Brasileira de Karatę Interestilos Brasil
CFOK Czech Federation of Okinawa Karate Czech. Republic
CKO Cambodian Karate-Do Organisation Cambodia
CRAMA Chouvashian Republican Association of Martial Arts Russia
CSKA Cataluna Shotokan Karate Association Spain
CTKC Chinese Taipei Karate Confederation Taiwan
DJKB Deutscher JKA-Karate Bund Germany
ETKA European Turkish Karate Association Turkey
FAKSA Flandres Artois Karatedo Shotokan Académie France
FCK Federación Catalana de Kyokushinkai Spain
FEKO Federation of English Karate Organisations International England
FESIK Federazione Sportiva Italiana Karate Italy
FEUAM Federación Espańola Unificada de Artes Marciales Spain
FEWR Federación Espańola de Wado Ryu Spain
FKSI Federazione Karate Svizzera Italiana Switzerland
FKSR Federacija Karate-do Shito-Ryu Rossii Russia
FRK Federatia Romana de Karate WKC Romania
FKRB Federation Karate-do of Republic of Bashkortostan Russia
GKFI Goju-Ryu Karate-Do Federation of India India
HKK Higashi Karate Kai England
IKC Indian Karate Confederation India
IKKU Irish Kenpo Karate Union Ireland
IMAL International Martial Arts League St. Petersburg Russia
INWKF Irish National Wado Kai Federation Ireland
JKACZ JKA Czech Republic Czech Republic
JKALKA JKA Lithuanian Karate Association Lithuania
JKS-SA Japan Karate Shotokai South Africa South Africa
KAA Karate Alliance Australia Australia
KANZ Karate Alliance New Zealand New Zealand
KDI Karate-Do International Israel
KKA Kosova Karate Association Kosovo (UNMIK)
KSRS Karate Savez Republike Srpske Republic of Serbia
KUS Karate Unija Slovenije Slovenia
LFK Ligue Francophone de Karate Belgium
LKF Lao Karate-do Federation Laos
MKDF Maizuru Karate-Do Federation Japan
MWRS Magyarországi Wado Ryu Szövetség Hungary
NKA National Karate Association Scotland
NKF National Karate Federation Scotland
NKF-N National Karate Federation Norway
NKKA Nepal Kwanmukan Karate-Do Association Nepal
OEKWR Organizacion Espańola de Karate Wado Ryu Spain
OGKU Okinawan Goju-Ryu Karate-Do & Ryukyu Kobudo Federation Jundokan Ukraine Ukraine
PKF Polish Karate Federation Poland
RKC Russian Karate Confederation Russia
SAKA South African Karate Alliance South Africa
SASKA South African Shotokan Karate Academy South Africa
SFKBU Slovenska Federacia Karate a Bojovych Umeni Slovakia
SJK Stichting Japanse Krijgskunsten Netherlands
SKB Shi Kon Budokai Czech. Republic
SKFI Sports Karate Federation of India India
SKKFBH Savez Karate Klubova u Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine Bosnia & Hercgovina
SKL Siberian Karate League Russia
SKU Serbian Karate Union Serbia
SRKR Shotokai Russia Karate Renmei Russia
SSK Spanish Shito-Kai Spain
SSKO Swiss Shorin-Ryu Karate-Do Organization Switzerland
STIKU Shuri-Te Israeli Karate Union Iareal
STKF Swiss Traditional Karate-Do Federation Switzerland
SWKO Swiss Wado Kai Karate Organisation Switzerland
UAK Union Argentina de Karate Argentina
UEKA Union Espanola de Karate Amateur Spain
UKC Ulster Karate Council N.Ireland
UKF Ukrainian Karate-Do Federation Ukraine
USKA Ukrainian Shotokan Karate-Do Association Ukraine
USKO Union of Shoto-Kan Karate Organizations of Russia Russia
WFSOA Wado-Kai Federation Severnaja Osetija-Alania Russia
WRSKO Wado Ryu Sports Karate Organization England
YLKR Youth League Karate of Russia Russia


Country Code Name of Federation Abbreviation
Argentina ARG Unión Argentina de Karate UAK
Australia AUS Karate Alliance Australia KAA
Austria AUT Austrian Karate Confederation AKC
Belarus BLR Belarus Martial Arts Federation BMAF
Belgium BEL Ligue Francophone de Karate LFK
Bosnia & Hercgovina BIH Savez Karate Klubova u Federaciji Bosne i Hercegovine SKKFBH
Brasil BRA Confederaçăo Brasileira de Karatę Interestilos CBKI
Cambodia CAM Cambodian Karate-Do Organization CKO
Chile CHL Asociación de Karatedo Atacama de Chile AKAC
Czech Republic CZE Shi Kon Budokai SKB
Czech Federation of Okinawan Karate CFOK
JKA Czech Republic JKACZ
England ENG Higashi Karate Kai HKK
Wado Ryu Sports Karate Organization WRSKO
Federation of English Karate Organisations International FEKO
France FRA Flandres Artois Karate-do Shotokan Académie FAKSA
Germany GER Deutscher JKA-Karate Bund DJKB
Hungary HUN Magyarországi Wado Ryu Szövetség MWRS
India IND Sports Karate Federation of India SKFI
Goju-Ryu Karate-Do Federation of India GKFI
All India Budokan Karate Federation AIBKF
Indian Karate Confederation IKC
Ireland IRL Irish Kenpo Karate Union IKKU
Irish National Wado Kai Federation INWKF
Iran IRA All Iran Seishinkai Karate-Do Association AISKA
Israel ISR Karate-Do International KDI
Shuri-Te Israeli Karate Union STIKU
Italy ITA Federazione Sportiva Italiana Karate FESIK
Japan JPN Maizuru Karate-Do Federation MKDF
Kosovo UNMIK Kosova Karate Association KKA
Laos LAO Lao Karate-do Federation LKF
Lithuania LTU JKA Lithuanian Karate Association JKALKA
Nepal NEP Nepal Kwanmukan Karate-Do Association NKKA
Netherlands NED Stichting Japanse Krijgskunsten SJK
New Zealand NZD Karate Alliance New Zealand KANZ
Northern Ireland NIR Ulster Karate Council UKC
Norway NOR National Karate Federation NKF-N
Poland POL Polish Karate Federation PKF
Portugal POR Associaçăo Distrital de Santarém Amicale Karate ADSAK
Republic of Serbia ROS Karate Savez Republike Srpske KSRS
Romania ROM Federatia Romana de Karate WKC FRK-WKC
Russia RUS Chouvashian Republic Association of Martial Arts CRAMA
Federacija Karate-Do Shito-Ryu Rossii FKSR
Federation Karate-do of Republic of Bashkortostan FKRB
International Martial Arts League St. Petersburg IMAL
Union of Shoto-Kan Karate Organisations of Russia USKO
Youth League Karate of Russia YLKR
Wado-Kai Federation Severnaja Osetja-Alania WFSOA
Russian Karate Confederation RKC
Siberian Karate League SKL
Shotokai Rusia Karate Renmei SRKR
Scotland SCO National Karate Association NKA
National Karate Federation NKF
Serbia SCG Serbian Karate Union SKU
Slovakia SVK Slovenska Federaciá Karate a Bojových Umení SFKBU
Slovenia SLO Karate Unija Slovenije KUS
South Africa RSA Japan Karate Shotokai -SA JKS-SA
South African Karate Alliance SAKA
South African Shotokan Karate Academy SASKA
All Styles Karate - South Africa ASK-SA
Spain ESP Federación Espańola Unificada de Artes Marciales FEUAM
Federación Catalana de Kyokushinkai FCK
Federación Espańola de Wado Ryu FEWR
Organizacion Espańola de Karate Wado Ryu OEKWR
Spanish Shito-Kai SSK
Union Espańola de Karate Amateur UEKA
Cataluna Shotokan Karate Association CSKA
Switzerland SUI Federazione Karate Svizzera Italiana FKSI
Swiss Shorin-Ryu Karate-Do Organization SSKO
Swiss Traditional Karate-Do Federation STKF
Swiss Wado-Kai Karate-do Organisation SWKO
Taiwan TAI Chinese Taipei Karate Confederation CTKC
Tajikistan TJK Association of Eastern Single Combat AESC
Turkey TUR European Turkish Karate Association ETKA
Ukraine UKR Ukrainian Karate-Do Federation UKF
Ukrainian Shotokan Karate-Do Association USKA
Okinawan Goju-Ryu Karate-Do & Ryukyu Kobudo Federation Jundokan Ukraine OGKU
United States of America USA Amateur Athletic Union AAU







All competing athletes and referees have to decide which Kumite system they wish to participate: Shobu Ippon or Shobu Sanbon. These two different disciplines will be kept separate.



ARTICLE 1: Judges and Referees

Chief Referee, Referee, Judge, Corner Judges and Jury Table Judge are selected in the following way:

1) The Chief Referee is appointed by the WKC Executive Board (ExBo). The Referee, Judge, Corner Judges and Jury Table Judge, for each Match area are appointed by the Chief Referee before or at the time of each Match.

2) The WKC ExBo, when necessary, may adopt other systems.

ARTICLE 2: Duties of Referees and Judges

The Chief Referee, Referee, Corner Judges and Jury Table Judge shall bear in mind the following points:

1) They must be objective, impartial and fair.

2) They must comport themselves with dignity and demonstrate respect for the competitors and other Officials alike.

3) Their movements taken during the Match must be vigorous, agile, refined, quick and precise, and maintain an attitude befitting a WKC Official.

4) The Referee, Corner Judges and Jury Table Judge must concentrate their full attention on the Match, observe each contestant accurately and judge every action of the contestants correctly. During the Match they must not converse with anyone other than the Chief Referee, the other Judges and the contestants.

ARTICLE 3: Power and duty of the Chief Referee

The Chief Referee:

1) Has the ultimate responsibility of judgement,

2) Shall be responsible for seeing that the Match is conducted according to these Contest Rules and should any unusual incident occur, shall base his decision upon these Rules.

3) Shall appoint the Referee, Corner Judges and Jury Table Judge prior to the Match. Should it be necessary to replace one of them during a Match, the Chief Referee shall immediately halt the Match and select a substitute without loss of time.

4) Must be consulted whenever a Referee has any difficulties in his decisions.

For each Match area, a Chief Referee will be appointed by the WKC ExBo.

ARTICLE 4: Power and duty of the Referee

The Referee shall have the power:

1) To conduct Matches, including start and stop.

2) To announce the decision of the panel of Judges.

3) To explain when necessary the grounds on which such decisions are awarded

4) To announce fouls.

5) To issue warnings (prior to, during, after the Match).

6) To take other disciplinary action (to dismiss or suspend a contestant from a Match).

7) To obtain advice from Corner Judges.

8) To decide victory by majority based on the table for judgement

(Appendix III).

9) To extend the duration of the Match.

ARTICLE 5: Power and duty of the Corner Judges and the Mirror Judge

1) The Corner Judges shall have the power:

a) To assist the Referee.

b) To give their opinion regarding different situations.

c) To signal their judgement regarding the conduct and development of Matches by means of flags, hands and/or whistle.

d) To exercise their right to vote in a decision of a Match.

2) The Judges shall carefully observe the actions of the contestants within their range of vision. In the following cases, they shall at once signal the Referee by means of whistle or flag, correctly giving their opinion.

a) When they notice injury or illness of a contestant before the Referee notices it.

b) When they perceive an action which they consider should be awarded as Ippon or Waza-ari.

c) When a contestant appears about to commit, or has committed a prohibited act and/or technique.

d) When both or either of the contestants have moved out of the competition area.

e) In all cases when it is necessary to call the attention of the referee.

3) Each Judge shall continuously evaluate the relative excellence of sportsmanship of the contestants and form their opinion independently.

4) When the Referee calls "Hantei", each of the Judges shall give their opinion in the prescribed manner. In case of a difference of opinion between the Referee and the Judges on a given matter, the Judge can, with the concurrence of other Judges, oppose the judgement of the Referee. In any case the decision will be made by majority.

ARTICLE 6: Jury Table Judge, Score-Keeper, Time-Keeper, Caller-Announcer

1) Judges will be appointed as Score-Keeper, Time-Keeper and Caller-Announcer to the Jury Table.

2) The Jury Table Judge is responsible of the official result of the Match.

ARTICLE 7: Terms and signs

The terms and signs to be used by the Referees and Judges in the operation of a Match as specified in Appendix I.

ARTICLE 8: Signals

1) The signals to be made by flags and/or whistle by Corner Judges during the Match shall be as specified in Appendix II.

2) Whistle signals used by the Referees shall have the following meanings:

a) Long/normal + short/strong = Hantei.

b) Short/strong = the command to lower the flags or the Score Boards.

ARTICLE 9: Decisions

1) When the Referee awards a decision on the basis of the signals given by the Corner Judges, the decision shall be governed by the Rules given in Appendix Ill.

2) Matters relating to judgement not prescribed in these rules shall be discussed between the Judges and the decision thus reached shall be referred to the Chief Referee of the Match and to the WKC ExBo for approval. All officials will be notified of these decisions and a public announcement will be made.


ARTICLE 1: Match area sizes

1) Kumite: The size of the Match area, in principle, shall be 8 metres square. Tatami floors are preferable.

2) Kata: The size of the area shall be large enough so that participants are able to perform the Kata without any obstacles. Wooden floors are preferable.

3) The Match area shall be border-lined. Kumite and Kata: see Appendix IV

ARTICLE 2: Outfit and presentation

1) The contestants shall wear a clean, white and unfigured Karate-Gi.

2) In Kumite Matches and in Kata Flag system, one of the contestants shall, for identification purposes, fasten a red band around their waist and the other contestant, a white band. The contestants must also wear their own belt.

3) The contestant shall keep their nails short and shall not wear metallic objects or the like on their body which may cause injury to their opponent.

4) The contestant is not allowed to wear bandages or supports, accept with the Tournament Doctor's permission.

5) The following rules apply to the wearing of devices for protection:

a) Mitts are mandatory in Kumite Shobu Sanbon. b) Shinprotectors are allowed in Kumite Shobu Sanbon.

c) Shin/instep protectors are forbidden.

d) Gumshields are allowed in Kumite.

e) Groinprotectors are mandatory in Men Kumite.

f) Chest protectors are mandatory in Ladies Kumite.

g) Spectacles are not allowed in Kumite.

h) Smooth contact lenses may be worn at the contestants own risk.

6) All protective equipment must be approved by the WKC ExBo (see Appendix V).

ARTICLE 3: Official dress code.

1) Referees and Judges must wear the official uniform designated by the WKC ExBo. This uniform must be worn at all tournaments, courses and examinations. The official uniform will be as follows:

a) A navy-blue blazer bearing two silver buttons.

b) A white WKC-shirt.

c) A blue WKC tie.

d) Light grey trousers.

e) Dark blue or black socks.

f) Black shoes.

2) Contestants:

a) Contestants shall wear a clean, white and unfigured Karate-Gi.

b) A national badge may be worn.

c) In case of women, a plain white teeshirt may be worn beneath the karate jacket,

d) The jacket, when tightened around the waist with the belt, must be of an overall length that it covers the hips.

e) the sleeves of the jacket must reach at least half the way down the forearm and may not be rolled up.

f) The trousers must be long enough to cover at least two-thirds of the shin.

g) The belt must be of an overall length that leaves about 15 cm. of extra length on both ends after it has been properly tied around the waist.

h) Each contestant must keep their hair clean, and cut to such a length that does not obstruct the smooth conduct of the Match.

i) Hachimaki will not be allowed.

j) Contestants must have short fingernails and must not wear metallic or other objects which might injure their opponents.

3) Coaches:

The Coach shall at all times during the tournament wear a karate-gi or tracksuit with an identifying badge upon it.

The WKC-Officers or Tournament Director may disbar any official or competitor who does not comply with this regulation.

ARTICLE 4: Staff

1) Tournament Director:

The Tournament Director is appointed by the WKC ExBo. He shall govern the conduct and development of the Matches as far as he does not interfere with the judging rules. He shall be assisted by the Tournament personnel.

2) Tournament Doctor:

The Tournament Doctor is appointed by the WKC ExBo. He shall govern all medical matters during the tournament.

3) First Aid Crew:

The First Aid Crew shall be prepared to act in case of accident or sickness, along with a Doctor.

ARTICLE 5: Match equipment

The types, quantity and usages of the equipment prepared by the Tournament Host will be as follows:

a) Flags (red and white, 5 for Match area).

b) Score boards (7 for Match area).

c) Recording equipment (score sheets and recording forms, pens, calculators etc.),

d) Red and white bands,

e) Countdown clocks and time signalling devices.

ARTICLE 6: Protest against decision and revision of decision

1) The contestants cannot personally protest against the Judges' decision.

2) Only when a decision given by the Referee and the Judges is thought to have violated the Rules of the Match or the Rules of Judging, the Coach of the team involved may protest to the Chief Referee against the decision immediately after it was detected.

3) When he receives a protest against a decision from the Coach of a team to which the contestant belongs, the Chief Referee himself shall review the complaint, and may call for an explanation from the Referees and/or Judge. If he finds the decision patently unreasonable, he may demand that the panel of Judges revise its decision. The final decision will be given after approval of the WKC ExBo. Before the coach makes an official protest he has to pay a protest fee of 100 CHF. The fee will be returned should the protest be upheld.

4) To reduce any charting error, the winner of each Match must confirm their victory with the Jury Table Judge prior to leaving the area.

ARTICLE 7: Injuries or accidents during the Match

1) In the case of an injury of a contestant, the Referee shall at once halt the Match, assist the injured contestant and, at the same time, call the Tournament Doctor. The treatment of the injury may not significantly delay the Match.

2) When a contestant, who suffers a minor injury, but not serious enough to disable them, refuses to continue with the Match or requests for permission to quit the Match, they shall be declared the loser.

3) In case an injury or injuries sustained during a Kumite Match for reasons not ascribable to either contestant, disabled a contestant or in case both contestants are injured at the same time for reasons for which both are responsible, the contestant who quits the Match shall be declared the loser. In case both contestants quit and the reasons causing the injuries are not ascribable to either of the contestants, the Match shall be decided with Hantei.

4) In case a contestant is deemed unable to continue the Match owing to an injury or any other physical reasons, on the basis of the advice by the Tournament Doctor, the Referee shall terminate the Match and suspend the injured contestant from the Match. If the injury is ascribable to his opponent, he shall be declared the winner. If the injury is not ascribable to his opponent, he shall be declared the loser.

5) A contestant who wins a Match through disqualification of their opponent for causing injury, cannot fight again in the competition without permission from the Tournament Doctor.

6) Only the Tournament Doctor can take decisions concerning all matters about injuries, accidents or physical condition of the contestants.

ARTICLE 8: Retirement

A contestant who is unable to continue competing or participating, for reasons other than injury or who requests for permission to quit the Match for such reasons, shall be declared the loser.

ARTICLE 9: Other matters

1) In case of a situation not foreseen in these Rules, or in case there is a doubt about the applicability of these rules to a given situation, the Jury Table Judge, Judges, Referee and Chief Referee shall consult among themselves to find a solution thereto. The decision should be approved by the WKC ExBo. All officials will be notified of these decisions and a public announcement will be made.

2) All Karate-ka, be they contestants (this includes Coaches, Manager or anybody connected with the contestant), Judges or other officials, must follow the Karate-Do ideals of Good Character, Sincerity, Effort, Etiquette and Self-Control.

3) Any behaviour likely to bring Karate into disrepute (this includes that of Coaches, Manager or anybody connected with the contestant), may result in a penalty or in the disqualification of the contestant and/or team. The Coach will be assigned a specific place near to the Tatami by the Tournament Director.

4) Only competitors "over 18 years" can participate at the WKC World Championships.



ARTICLE 1: Types of Match

The types of Match shall be as follows:

1) Individual Match:

The Individual Match is decided by "Shobu Sanbon".

"Shobu Sanbon", three points Match, is a Match where the participants try to score three points before their opponent within the time limit.

2) Team Match:

a) The number of persons comprising a team (male and female) shall be 3 + 1 reserve. A team will be allowed to participate only when it comprises of a minimum of two competitors.

b) Before each team Match, a team representative must hand to the official table, an official form defining the names and fighting order of the team members. The fighting order can be changed for each round but once notified, it cannot then be amended. Use of a reserve constitutes a change in fighting order. c) Matches between individual members of each team shall be held in the predetermined order.

d) The winner of a team Match shall be decided on the basis of these individual Matches.

e) The criteria for deciding the winner of a team Match, on the basis of the number of winners of individual Matches, are the following (in order of descending importance):

1- Numbers of wins.

2- Numbers of Ippons and Waza-aris (total score).

3- Extra Match.

When a team ties with its opposing team under these methods of decision above, the decision shall be made on the basis of the result of an extra Match conducted between a representative of the contending teams. In case this extra Match is a draw, an extension (Encho Sen) will take place. The extension (Encho Sen) will be decided by the first score (sudden death). If there is still no score, a decision must be taken by the Judges panel.

Victories through a foul, disqualification or retirement of the opponent shall be counted as 3 Ippon.

ARTICLE 2: Starting, suspending and ending of Matches

1) Starting: at the start of a Kumite Match the Referee stands on the outside edge of the Match area. On his left and right stand the Judges. After the formal exchange of bows by contestants and Referee Panel (Shomen ni Rei - Otagai ni Rei), the Referee takes a step back, the Judges turn inwards and all bow together. The Match shall start with the announcement by the Referee of "Shobu Sanbon Hajime".

2) Suspending: by announcing "Yame" the Referee shall halt the Match temporarily and order the contestant back to their positions. When resuming the Match, the Referee announces "Tsuzukete Hajime".

3) The Time Keeper shall give signals by a gong or buzzer indicating Atoshibaraku, 30 seconds to go, (one signal) and time-up (two signals).

3) Ending: after halting the Match, the Referee shall end the Match by announcing "Soremade". After the formal exchange of bows by contestants and Referee Panel (Otagai ni Rei - Shomen ni Rei), the Match is deemed over.

ARTICLE 3: Duration of a Match

The duration of a Match shall be 3 minutes (effective time).

Before the Tournament the WKC ExBo can modify the duration of the Matches.

ARTICLE 4: Extensions

1) In the event of a draw in an individual Match there will be an extension (Encho-Sen).

2) This extension will be decided by the first score (sudden death).

3) If there is still no score, a decision must be taken, based on the Match and the extension.

4) All awards or penalties are carried into the extension.

ARTICLE 5: Victory or defeat

Victory or defeat shall be awarded on the basis of Sanbon, victory by decision, defeat due to a foul, disqualification or retirement.

ARTICLE 6: Scoring Areas

1) The scoring areas shall be limited to the following:

Head, Face, Neck, Abdomen, Chest, Side, Back (excluding shoulders).

2) An effective technique delivered simultaneously as the Time-up bell signals the end, shall be counted into the score. An attack, even if effective, delivered after the Time-up bell signals the end, shall not be recognised as such, nor shall it constitute a basis for decision.

3) Jogai: techniques delivered outside the prescribed Match area shall be invalid. However, if the contestant delivering such a technique was within the boundary of the Match area when he delivered the technique, it shall be considered as valid. The point at which "Yame" is called is helpful in determining if Jogai has occurred. If Aka delivers a successful technique and then exits immediately afterwards, Yame should occur at the instant of score. The exit therefore occurs outside of Match time and may not by penalised.

4) If Aka's attempt to score is unsuccessful, Yame will not be called and the Jogai will be recorded. If Shiro exits just after Aka scores with a successful attack, then Yame will occur immediately on the score and Shiro's Jogai will not be recorded. If Shiro exits, or has exited as Aka's score is made (with Aka remaining within the area) then both Aka's score will be awarded and Shiro's Jogai penalty will be imposed.

5) Scoring techniques of the same value simultaneously delivered by both contestants shall not score (Aiuchi).

ARTICLE 7: Criteria for deciding Ippon and Waza-ari

1) An Ippon is awarded on the basis of the following requirements:

When an exact and powerful technique, which is recognised as decisive, is delivered to the recognised scoring areas under the following conditions:

Good form, good attitude, strong vigour, zanshin, proper timing, correct distancing.

2) Effective techniques delivered under the following conditions shall be considered as an Ippon:

a) When an attack is delivered with perfect timing and the opponent started to move towards the attacker.

b) When an attack is delivered immediately the opponent was unbalanced by the attacker.

c) When a combination of successive and effective attacks are used.

d) For combined use of tsuki and geri techniques.

e) For combined use of tsuki/geri and nage techniques.

f) When the opponent has lost their fighting spirit and turned their back to the attacker.

g) Effective attacks delivered on the undefended parts of the opponent

3) A Waza-ari is awarded for a technique almost comparable to that needed to score Ippon. The refereeing panel must look for Ippon in the first instance and only award a Waza-ari in the second instance.

ARTICLE 8: Criteria for decision (Hantei)

1) In the absence of Sanbon, or defeat due to disqualification (Hansoku) or retirement (Kiken), during the prescribed time of Match, a decision (Hantei) is taken on the basis of the following considerations:

a) Whether there have been Waza-aris/Ippons.

b) Whether there have been warnings.

c) The number of escapes outside the Match area.

d) The comparative excellence in the fighting attitude.

e) The ability and skill.

f) The degree of the vigour and fighting spirit.

g) The number of attacking moves.

h) The comparative excellence in the strategy used.

i) Fair play.

2) In the case of a contestant scoring at least one Waza-ari more than his opponent, he will be automatically declared the winner (Kachi).

3) In the case of a contestant scoring at least one Waza-ari and one Chui more than his opponent, Hantei must be called for. The decision may result in Kachi for the contestant with one Waza-ari more or Hikiwake.

ARTICLE 9: Prohibited acts and techniques

The following acts and techniques are prohibited:

1) Uncontrolled attacks.

2) Techniques which make excessive contact, having regard to the scoring area attacked.

3) Attacks to the upper and lower limbs.

4) Open hand techniques to the face, Empi Uchi, Hiza Geri and Atama Uchi.

5) Attacks to the groin.

6) Attacks to the hip joint, to the knee joints, the insteps and the shins.

7) Grabbing (unless immediately followed up by a technique), clinching or bodily contacting against the opponent unnecessarily.

8) Dangerous throws.

9) Time-wasting.

10) Any unsporting behaviour such as verbal abuses, provocation or needless utterances.

11) Any behaviour likely to bring Karate into disrepute (this includes Coaches, Manager and anybody connected with the contestant).

12) Lack of regard for the contestant's own safety (Mubobi).

13) Any disrespectful and unnecessary actions are strictly forbidden.

14) Exaggerated actions and reactions (i.e. faking injury) are forbidden and will be penalised.

ARTICLE 10: Penalties and disqualification

1) When a contestant is about to, or has already committed a prohibited act, the Referee shall issue warning or announce a penalty.

2) When a contestant avoids combat, the Referee shall issue a warning or announce a penalty.

3) In the case of a contestant displaying a lack of regard for their own safety the Referee shall issue a warning or announce a penalty.

4) In the case of a contestant, after having once been warned, repeats similar acts or acts infringing upon the rules, the Referee may announce their defeat on account of penalties already incurred.

5) When a contestant commits an act falling under any of the following cases, the Referee shall announce the defeat of the offending contestant:

a) Failing to obey the orders of the Referee.

b) If a contestant becomes overexcited, to such an extent that

they are considered by the Referee to be a danger to their opponent.

c) If the act or the acts of a contestant are considered as malicious, wilfully violating the rules prohibiting them,

d) Other acts which are deemed in violation the Rules of the Match.

6) Warnings and penalties are the following:

a) Private warning: Atenai (without a penalty).

b) Official warning: Chui.

c) Disqualification: Hansoku.

7) If a contestant continually escapes out of the Match area:

a) After the first and the second escape, the contestant must be given a private warning (Jogai).

b) After the third escape, the contestant must be given an official warning (Jogai Chui).

c) After the fourth escape, the contestant will be disqualified (Jogai Hansoku).

8) Any unruly behaviour from people connected with the contestant, such as the Coach, Manager, supporters, etc. may result in the disqualification of the contestant and/or team.

9) There will be no accumulation of punishment through:

a) Atenai, Chui, Hansoku.

b) Jogai, Jogai Chui, Jogai Hansoku.

10) Penalties must be accompanied by an increase in severity of the penalty imposed (except Atenai).

11) No point shall be awarded if the competitor injures his opponent, even if the injury is only very minor.


ARTICLE 1: Types of Match

1) The types of Match shall be as follows:

a) Individual Match.

b) Team Match.

2) The system of Individual Match and Team Match shall be the following:

Point system: points shall be awarded to each participant and/or team separately and the winner will be the one with the highest total score.

3) The number of persons comprising a team shall be 3 + 1 reserve.

4) The system may be changed by the WKC ExBo (i.e. Flag system)

ARTICLE 2: Judgement of a Match

1) The judgement of a Match shall be made by a Panel of Judges: one Referee and four or six Corner Judges.

2) All Matches shall be conducted exclusively upon the instructions of the Referee.

ARTICLE 3: Starting and ending of Matches

1) Starting.

a) Competitors must give to the Jury Table before each round the name of Kata that will be performed.

b) When called upon by the announcer, the participant(s) will immediately proceed inside the Match area, bow to the Referee and will announce the name of the Kata to be performed clearly to the Judges.

c) The Referee will clearly repeat the name of the Kata.

d) The participant(s) then will commence their performance, and upon completion, will return to their original position(s) and await the Judge's decision.

2) Ending.

a) Upon completion of the Kata, the Referee shall call (Hantei) for the Corner Judge's decisions. Immediately the Referee and the Corner Judges will raise the Score Boards (simultaneously) with their decisions. The Announcer shall call out the Referee and each Corner Judges scores clearly to the Recorder.

b) The Recorder shall record the announced score in proper forms, and calculate the final score as follows: out of seven (five) scores received, the highest and lowest shall be deleted and the remaining five (three) scores shall be totalled.

c) The Announcer shall clearly announce the total score.

d) After the announcement of the decision, the participant(s) will bow to the Referee and leave the Match area.

ARTICLE 4: Types of Kata

Individual and Team Match.

a) First Round (Score: 5.0 - 7.0), with the 16 highest scoring competitors going through to the next round. The participant(s) must perform a scheduled Shitei Kata. The choice must be announced in advance in order to be recorded on the official sheet. If there are less than sixteen entries to the first round, then that round can be omitted, therefore the event becomes a two round event.

b) Second Round (Score: 6.0 - 8.0): from the 16 competitors, 8 will go through to the final. The participant(s) must perform a scheduled Sentei Kata. The choice must be announced in order to be recorded on the official sheet.

c) Third Round (Final) (Score: 7.0 - 9.0): The participant(s) can perform his/their Tokui Kata from the listed WKC Kata. The Kata in the Final must be different from the Kata performed in the 1st and 2nd Round. The choice must be announced in advance in order to be recorded on the official sheet.

d) All scores from previous rounds will be not added up for the final result: each round will be considered and scored separately.

e) In the event of a tie in any round the minimum score from the remaining 3 or 5 scores will be added to the total for that round. If the tie persists, the maximum score from the remaining 3 or 5 scores is added for the total scores for that round. In the event of a continuing tie, the contestants must perform a further Kata which was not performed by the competitors in this round. If there is still no winner, a decision must be taken by the Panel of Judges (based on the last Kata performed).

ARTICLE 5: Criteria for decision.

In a Kata Match, each performance will not be deemed simply good or bad, but judged according in the essential elements of each basis of judgement based on two different criteria:

1) Basic performance: The following basic points must appear in each performance of a Kata:

a) Kata sequence.

b) Control of power.

c) Control of tension and contraction.

d) Control of speed and rhythm.

e) Direction of movements.

f) Understanding Kata technique.

g) Show proper understanding of the Kata Bunkai.

h) Ceremony.

i) Embusen.

j) Vision.

k) Stances.

l) Coordination.

m) Stability and balance.

n) Perfection.

o) Harmony.

p) Pauses.

q) Kiai.

r) Breathing.

s) Concentration.

t) Spirit.

2) Advanced performance. Judges will note the specific points and the degree of difficulty of the performed Kata. Judgement will be based on:

a) The mastery of techniques by the contestant.

b) The degree of difficulty and risk in the performance of the Kata.

c) The budo attitude of the contestant.

ARTICLE 6: Minus points and disqualification

1) Minus points. Points will be deducted in these cases:

a) For a momentary hesitation in the smooth performance of the Kata quickly remedied, 0.1 should be deducted from the final score.

b) For a momentary but a discernible pause, 0.2 points should be deducted.

c) For a momentary slight imbalance, and quickly remedied, 0.1 - 0.2 points should be deducted.

2) Disqualification:

a) If the contestant performs the wrong Kata.

b) If the Kata is varied.

c) If the contestant stops the Kata.

d) If the contestant loses balance completely and/or falls.

e) If the contestant doesn't perform a Kata of its style.

ARTICLE 7: Kata list

Shitei Shitei Shitei Shitei
Gekasai Dai Ichi Pinan 1,2,3,4,5 Heian 1,2,3,4,5 Pinan 1,2,3,4,5
Gekasai Dai Ni Naifanchi Shodan Tekki Shodan

Saifa Saifa
Sentei Sentei Sentei Sentei
Seizan Bassai Dai Bassai Dai Kushanku
Seipai Kosokun Dai Enpi Niseishi
Seiinchin Tomari No Wansyu Kanku Dai Jion
Shisochin Seienshin Jion Passai
Jion Hungetsu

Tokui Tokui Tokui Tokui
Kururunfa Kosokun Sho Jitte Chinto
Superimpei Bassai Sho Tekki Nidan Naihanchi
Sanzeiru Sochin (Aragaki-Ha) Tekki Sandan Rohai
Jitte Gankaku Wanshu
Matsumura Bassai Bassai Sho Seishan
Tomari Bassai Kanku Sho
Sanseiru Sochin
Shisochin Nijushiho
Chinte Gojushiho Dai
Chinto Gojushiho Sho
Gojushio Sho Chinte
Unshu Unsu
Ni Pai Po Meikyo
Matsukaze Wankan
Ni Sei Shi


APPENDIX 1: The Terminology

Term Meaning Method of signalling

Shobu Sanbon

Hajime Start the Match The Referee stands on the official line.

Shobu Hajime Start the extended Match The Referee stands on the official line.

Atoshi Baraku 30 seconds before the Match An audible signal will ends be given by the timekeeper 30 seconds before the actual end of the Match.

Yame Temporary halt of Match The Referee chops downwards with one hand. The timekeeper stops the clock.

Tsuzukete Fight on Resumption of fighting, ordered after an unauthorized interruption has occurred.

Tsuzukete Hajime Restarting the Match The Referee stands on the official line, steps back into Zenkutsu-Dachi and brings the palms of the hands towards each other.

Soremade End of the Match The Referee faces the palm of one hand between the contestants, with the arm outstretched.

Motonoichi Original position The Contestants, Referee and Judges return to their respective standing lines.

Shugo Shugo Judges called The Referee beckons with one arm to the Judges.

Hantei Judgment The Referee calls for judgment by blowing their whistle, and the Judges render their decision by flag signal.

Ippon One point The Referee extends their arm higher than their shoulders, towards the relevant contestant.

Waza-ari Half point The Referee extends their arm slightly downwards to the side towards the relevant contestant.

Awasete Ippon Two Waza-ari recognised As Waza-ari + Ippon.

as one Ippon

Aiuchi Simultaneous scoring No point awarded. technique The Referee brings his fists together in front of the chest.

Hikiwake A draw The Referee extends both arms to the side and slightly downwards with palms facing up.

Aka (Shiro) no Kachi Victory of red (white) The Referee obliquely raises an arm on the side of the winner.

Encho-sen Extension Referee restarts the Match with the command "Shobu Hajime".

Torimasen Not acceptable as scoring As Hikiwake, but techniques culminating with the

palms facing downwards.

Atenai Private warning The Referee raises one hand in a fist covered by the other hand, at chest level, and displays it to the offender.

Chui Official warning The Referee points with the index finger to the feet of the offender at an angle of 45 degrees.

Hansoku Foul/Disqualification The Referee points with the index finger to the face of the offender and announces a victory for the opponent.

Jogai Exit from fighting area The Referee points the index finger at a 45 degree angle to the area boundary on the side of the offender.

Uke Imasu Technique blocked An open hand touching the elbow of the opposite arm.

Nukete Imasu Technique missed A closed hand crossing in front of the body.

Yowai Technique too weak An open hand descending downwards.

Hayai Quickest/first to score An open hand touching the palm of the other hand, with the fingers.

Maai Bad distance, technique out of Both the hands are range open and parallel

to the floor, and facing each other.

Mubobi Warning for lack of regard for The Referee points ones own safety one index finger

in the air at a 60- degree angle on the side of the offender.

Kiken Renunciation The Referee points with the index finger towards the contestant.

Shikkaku Disqualification from the The Referee points tournament first with the index finger to the offender's face, then obliquely above and to the rear, outside the area.

Appendix III: The table for judgement


O O X Mienai

In the case of two judges giving a point to Shiro (Aka), one judge giving no point and another showing Mienai, the referee must consult the two judges giving a point. After that he has to ask the judges again for decision. Then the referee gives the final decision.

Appendix V: Equipment

Mitts: Mitts must be covered with white cloth or smooth leather. The fingers must be uncovered. The maximum thickness is 2 cm.

Gumshields: Gumshields must be white or clear.

Shinprotectors: Shinprotectors must be made of a soft material inside and covered with white cloth. Hard plastic is forbidden.

Maximum thickness is 2 cm. They have to cover only the shin and not the knee or ankle.

Groinprotectors: Groinprotectors must be made of plastic or leather. Metallic material is not allowed.

Chest-protectors: Chestprotectors must protect the chest and side of the chest, not just the bosom.


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