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JU-JITSU INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION
Origins of Ju-Jitsu

Ju-jitsu (or Yawara) is an ancient Japanese Martial Art. Its origins date back to the sixteenth century when legend narrates that its founding father, a young Japanese man called Shirobei Akiyama who was studying medicine in China, witnessed a heavy blizzard. He was able to appreciate how branches of most trees broke while the elastic branches of the Willow tree bent and efficiently freed themselves from the snow.

The Gentle Art or Art of Subtleness (for this is the meaning of Ju-Jitsu) would not aim to neutralize power with power but rationally absorb an attack and convert that energy to the opponent’s own detriment. This basic principle became the heart of the teaching of the Yoshin ryu school, founded by the Akiyama and considered to be the foremost Ju-jitsu dojo.

The Art developed throughout the Sengoki Era and continued through the Kanei, the Munnji and the Kanbun (1624-1673) periods. In the years of civil disorder the Samurai class (Aristocratic warriors / Bushi) came to dominate. It is during this period that Ju-jitsu first developed as an open-field art of combat and then more and more as a physical and mental study.

The Golden Age of Ju-jitsu lasted until 1869, date in which the Emperor’s return to Japan and the subsequent abolition of Feudalism made the Samurai lose their status of privileged class. Samurai tradition nevertheless kept Ju-jitsu alive and travellers brought the Art to all four corners of the world.


In more recent years the essence of some Martial Arts, such as Judo and Aikido, has developed from Ju-jitsu concentrating on specific aspects of their Martial Art forefather. Its international governing body was established in 1977 - based on a document originated by Italy, Germany and Sweden in order to develop the sport aspect of Ju-jitsu. Since then the Ju-Jitsu International Federation (JJIF) has become a structured federation organised in Continental Unions, coordinated by a central Board and supported by specialised Committees.

JJIF organises World Championships every two years and Continental Championships every other year. International Camps, Seminars, Congress and General Assembly are called every year.


Brief History of JJIF

The Federation commenced as a coalition of three Countries determined to work as a team. Thus, in 1977, Germany, Italy and Sweden founded the EUROPEAN JU-JITSU FEDE-RATION (E.J.J.F).

Ten years later, in 1987, the number of Member Nations increased, in and out of Europe, to such an extent that the Federation had to change its name to the INTERNATIONAL JU-JITSU FEDERATION (I.J.J.F) and the original European nucleus of the Federation became the first Continental Union (E.J.J.U) of the I.J.J.F.

In the early 90's the I.J.J.F became Provisional Member of the General Association of International Sport Federations (G.A.I.S.F), Member of International World Games Association (I.W.G.A – third pole of the Olympic movement along the Summer and Winter Games) and affiliated to the Sport for All Federation (F.I.S.p.T).

In 1997 the I.J.J.F participated to its first World Games (Lahti, Finland) where it was greeted by a "full house" spectator participation.

Following a series of changes of its Statutes and a change to its Membership structure, the 1998 General Assembly of the I.J.J.F decided to change its name to the JU-JITSU INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION (J.J.I.F).

During the 1998 GAISF Congress the J.J.I.F obtained Full Membership status.

In October 2001, J.J.I.F President Dr. Rinaldo Orlandi is elected member of the Board of Directors of the IWGA.


Ju-Jitsu Competitions

The Jutsukas compete at National level, and the best athletes of every Member Nation are allowed to participate in the local Continental Championships (organised by the local Union) and eventually the World Competitions (which take place every two years).

A well-determined score system based on Continental and World Championship results is then used to assess who the top 4 or 6 seeded Countries (and not athletes!) are for each category. These Countries will then have the right to present their athletes to compete in the International World Games (every four years) only in the categories for which they have qualified.


The Ju-Jitsu International Federation currently contemplates two different types of Competitions at world level: the Duo System and the Fighting System.

The former is a discipline in which a pair of Jutsukas from the same team show possible self-defence techniques against a series of 12 attacks, randomly called by the mat referee from the 20 codified attacks to cover the following typologies: grip attack (or strangulation), embrace attack (or necklock), hit attack (punch or kick) and armed attack (stick or knife).

The Duo System has three competition categories: male, female or mixed, and the athletes are judged for their speed, accuracy, control and realism. It is arguably the most spectacular form of Ju-jitsu competition and it requires great technical preparation, synchronism and elevated athletic qualities.
With a different approach, the Fighting System is articulated in a series of two-round, one-on-one combats between athletes from opposing teams. The system is divided in 10 categories according to weight and sex (Male categories: -62 kg, -69kg, -77kg, -85kg, -94kg, +94kg; Female categories –55kg, -62kg, -70kg, +70kg). The actual combat is divided in three phases (Parts): Part I sees the Jutsukas involved in distance combat (controlled attacks with arms and legs and atemis of various nature). Once a grab has been made the Fight enters Part II and hits are no longer allowed.

The Jutsukas try to bring one another down with various throwing techniques (and points are given according to how "clean" and effective the action was). Once down on the tatamis (mats) the match enters its Part III. Here points are given for immobilisation techniques, controlled strangulations or levers on body joints that bring the opponent to yield. The winner is the Jutsuka who has accumulated most points during the fight. Automatic victory is assigned to the Jutsuka who gets an "Ippon" (clean action, full points) in all three Parts or who outscores his opponent with a 14 point score difference by the end of round one. This type of competition requires timing, agility, strength and endurance.


Affiliations


last update December 20, 2004
ANDORRA Federacio de Ju-Jitsu d´Andorra
c/Mayor 12, Planta Baja
Andorra La Vella
Andorra Tel: +376 829 041
Fax: +376 829 707
ANGOLA Angola Ju-Jitsu Federation
Cidadela Desportiva
C. Postal 18334 Luanda
Republica de Angola Tel: +244 2 362 489
Fax: +244 2 331 578
ARGENTINA Escuela Argentina de Jiu-Jitsu
Corrientes 155, Dpto. 5, Campana 2804
Prov. de Buenos Aires
Argentina Tel: + 54 3489 426 926
Fax: + 54 3489 424 913
AUSTRALIA Australian Ju-Jitsu Federation
8 Tahoe Place, Varsity Lakes
Queensland 4227
Australia Tel: + 61 7 5562 0630
e-mail: jujitsu@telstra.com

AUSTRIA Ju-Jitsu Verband Österreich
Prager Strasse 20
1210 Wien
Austria Tel: +43 1 707 89 42
Fax: +43 1 707 89 42 e-mail: ejjvoe@gmx.at
AZERBAIJAN Azerbaijan Republic Ju-Jitsu
National Federation
59 Aga-Neymatulla st., Apt. 1
370052 Baku
Azerbaijan Tel: +99412 64 22 54
Fax: +99412 98 11 00
e-mail: baku_az_jujitsu@hotmail.com
BELGIUM Belgishe Ju-Jitsu Federatie
Ligue Belge de Ju-Jitsu
Azalealei 100
2170 Merksem
Belgium Tel: +32 3 647 20 20
Fax: +32 3 647 20 20 e-mail: lcassier@hotmail.com

BOLIVIA Primera Asociación Boliviana de
Jiu-Jitsu y Artes Marciales
Casilla 4557
Cochabamba
Bolivia Tel: +591 4 424 9768
Fax: +591 4 291 533
e-mail:theo@albatros.cnb.net
BRAZIL Confederación Brasilena de Jiu-Jitsu
Rua Pedro Gomes Cardim 87, Apto. 61
Morumbi, CEP 05.617-000 Sao Paulo
Brazil Tel: +55 11 377 13991
Fax: +55 11 377 13991 e-mail: fyamasaki@sti.com.br
BULGARIA Ministry of International Affairs, Martial Arts
1 Vassil Vevsky Str. 088 60 03 22
Sofia 1000
Bulgaria Tel: +359 88 600 322
Fax: +359 64 410 763
CANADA Yudansha Ju-Jitsu Canada
285 Lorne Ave. Unit 5
Stradford, Ontario
N5A 6S4 Tel: +1 519 2720408, 519 2738191
e-mail: webmaster@yjjc.org
info@ookie.com
CHILE Associacion Chilena de Jiu-Jitsu
Valentin Letelier 79
Linares
Chile Tel: +56 73 213 688
Fax: +56 73213 688
CZECH REPUBLIC Czech Fighting Ju-Jitsu Federation
Ke Krci 35/593
147 00 Praha 4
Czech Republic Tel: +42 603 462 642 or
+42 244 462 410
Fax: +42 244 462 410
e-mail: sekretariat@ju-jitsu.cz
DENMARK Dansk Judo og Ju-Jitsu Union
Broendby Stadion 20
2605 Broendby
Denmark Tel: +45 4326 2920
Fax: +45 4326 2919
e-mail: dju@dju.dk
FINLAND Suomen Karateliito, Section Ju-Jutsu
Radiokatu 12
00240 Helsinki
Finland Tel: +358 (9) 0 158 2319
Fax: +358 (9) 0 148 1654
Telex: 121797 SVUL SF
FRANCE Federation Francaise Judo et Ju-Jitsu, D.A.
43 Rue des Plantes
75680 Paris Cedex 14
France Tel: +33 1 40 52 1611
Fax: +33 1 40 52 1600
GEORGIA Georgian Jiu-Jitsu Federation
25/85 Mitskevitch Street
380094 Tbilisi
Georgia Tel: +995 32 375 451
Fax: +995 32 942 546

GERMANY Deutscher Ju-Jutsu Verband e.V. Bundesgeschäftsstelle
Paul Rohland Str. 2
06712 Zeitz
Germany Tel: +49 3441 310 041
Fax: +49 3441 213 429
e-mail: djjv-zz@web.de
GREECE Hellenic Amatuer Ju-Jitsu Sports Fan Federation
13 Bakhou Street
Vari 166-72, Athens
Greece Tel: +30 210 8979211
Fax: +30 210 8979211
e-mail: efeozz@ju-jitsu.gr
HUNGARY All Union of the Hungarian Martial Arts
Dozsa Gy.ut 1-3
1143 Budapest
Hungary Tel: +36 1 180 3634
Fax: +36 1 686 619
Telex: 22-5105
INDIA Ju-Jitsu Federation India
New Ashiwad, Flat no. 3, Sai Baba Park
Evershine Nagar Malad (W),
Mumbai - 400 064
India Tel: +91 22 880 3217
Fax: +91 22 881 8326
e-mail: abf85@hotmail.com
IRAN Iran Judo, Ju-Jitsu and Kurash Federation
P.O. Box 15815-1881
Theheran
Iran Tel: +98 21 831 7559, 21 882 8398
Fax: +98 21 884 4383
e-mail: iiranjudof@yahoo.com
hnassiri2000@yahoo.com
ISRAEL Israel Jiu-Jitsu International Federation
P.O. Box 44789
Haifa
Israel Tel: +972 4 8672 435
Fax: +972 4 8304 322
ITALY Associazione Italiana Ju-Jitsu e D.A.
Via Ines Negri 80/1
17012 Albissola Mare (Savona)
Italy
Tel: +39 019 487 358
Fax: +39 019 400 3763 e-mail: aijj@libero.it
JAPAN All Japan Ju-Jitsu Federation
1cho, 1-21, Minamihancho-Nishi
Sakai-City, Osaka 5900967
Japan Tel: +81 722 24 2154
Fax: +81 722 24 2157 e-mail: yumichan@mpd.biglobe.ne.jp
MOROCCO Federation Royale Marocaine de Judo, Ju-Jutsu, Aikido et A.M.A.
Compl. Sportif Mohammed V
Prt. No. 10 Rue Brahim Nakhai, Maarif, Casablanca
Morocco Tel: +212 236 72 11
Fax: +212 239 30 88
MEXICO Federation Mexicana de Jiu-Jitsu
Av. Rio Churubusco Pta. 9
Cd. Deportiva de la Magdalena, Mixhuca
Mexico D.F.C.P. 08 010 Tel: +52 5 524 70 09
Fax: +52 5 530 22 34
NETHERLAND Judo Bond Nederland
Postbus 7012
34030 JA Nieuwegein
Netherland Tel: +31 (0) 30 603 8114
Fax: +31 (0) 30 604 4323
e-mail: judobond@jnb.nl
NORWAY Norwegian Martial Arts Federation,
Jujutsu Section
Serviceboks 1 Ulleval Stadion
Sognsveien 75, 0840 Oslo
Norway Tel: +47 21 02 9600
Fax: +47 21 02 9601
e-mail: post@kampsport.no
PAKISTAN Pakistan Ju-Jitsu Federation
H-8, Opposite C 125, Rehman Pura Colony
Lahore 54600
Pakistan Tel: +92 42 731 3383
Fax: +92 72 757 8804
e-mail: pakjujitsu@hotmail.com
PARAGUAY Associacion Paraguaya de Jiu-Jitsu
c/Julia M. Cueto 466,
c/Sdo. Ovelar Fdo. de la Mora
Casilla, Correo 1729, Asuncion
Paraguay Tel: +595 21 511 060
Fax: +595 21 511 060
POLAND Polish Ju-Jitsu Association
ul. Warszawska 11a
40-009 Katowice
Poland Tel: +48 (0) 32 253 0656
Fax: +48 (0) 32 253 0656
PORTUGAL Associacao de Jiu-Jitsu de Portugal
Rua da Fabrica 11
Torres Nonas 2351
Portugal Tel: +351 249 813 811
Fax: +351 249 825 863
e-mail: adjsantarem@mail.telepac.pt
PUERTO RICO Associacion de Ju-Jitsu de Puerto Rico
P.O. Box 203
Vega Alta
Puerto Rico 00.762 Tel: +787 4863112
e-mail: jedanryu@hotmail.com


ROMANIA Romanian Martial Arts Federation
Ministry of Youth and Sports
16 Vasille Conta Street, Sect. 2 Bucharest
Romania Tel: +40 1 321 0495
Fax: +40 1 211 0161
e-mail: fram_w@yahoo.com
SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO Ju-Jitsu Federation of Serbia and Montenegro
Jug Bogdara, 35
21400 B. Parlarka
Serbia and Montenegro Tel: +381 21 744 965
Fax: +381 21 744 965
e-mail: psinf@vojvodina.sr.gov.yu
SINGAPORE Ju-Jitsu Association Singapore
1, Scotts Road
#05-32/33 Shaw Centre
Singapore 228208 Tel: +65 6333 1311
Fax: +65 6338 5272
e-mail: singaporejujitsu@yahoo.com
SLOVENIA Ju-Jitsu Federation of Slovenia
Kvedrova Cesta 29, p.p. 102
8290 Sevnica
Slovenia Tel: +386 63 442 420
Fax: +386 63 481 826
SOUTH AFRICA South Africa Ju-Jitsu Council
9 Wanderer Road, Selcourt,
Springs. 1559, Gauteng,
South Africa. Tel: +27-11-818-4506
Fax: +27-11-818-4506
e-mail: peterger@iafrica.com
SPAIN Federation Espanola de Judo y D.A., section Jiu-Jitsu
Ferraz 16
Madrid 28008
Spain Tel: +34 1 559 4876
Fax: +34 1 547 6139
e-mail: info@rfejudo.com
SWEDEN Svenska Budoförbundet (SBKF), section Ju-Jutsu
Ölandsgatan 42,
116 63 Stockholm
Sweden Tel: +46 8 714 8870
Fax: +46 8 604 0010 e-mail: ju-jutsu@budokampsport.se
SWITZERLAND Schweiz Judo & Ju-Jitsu Verband
Postfach 249
3000 Bern 32
Switzerland Tel: +41 31 368 05 75
Fax: +41 31 368 05 76
e-mail: office@sjv.ch
UNITED KINGDOM The British Ju-jitsu Association GB
5, Avenue Parade
Accrington, Lancs BB5 6PN
United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 1254 399915
Fax: +44 (0) 1254 396806
URUGUAY Federation Uruguay de Jiu-Jitsu
Casa de los Deportes General, Artigas-Canelones 978/982
C.P. 11.100 Montevideo
Uruguay Tel: +598 2 902 5107
Fax: +598 2 902 5107 e-mail: jjaloise@adinet.com.uy
USA United States Ju-Jitsu Federation
1850 Columbia Pike, Ste #626
Arlington, VA 22204
USA Tel: +1 703 920 1590
Fax: +1 703 920 1590 e-mail: natlhq@usjjf.org















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